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In all Windows versions, starting from Windows 7, there is Automatic Root Certificate Update feature that performs updates of root certificates from Microsoft website.
As a part of Microsoft Trusted Root Certificate Program, MSFT maintains and publishes the list of certificates for Windows clients and devices.
If the verified certificate in the certification chain refers to a root CA that participates in this program, the system will automatically download this root certificate from Windows Update and add it to trusted.
If Windows doesn’t have a direct access to Windows Update directory, the system won’t be able to update a root certificate, so a user may have some troubles with opening websites (which SSL certificates are signed by an untrusted CA) or with installation/running apps or signed scripts.
In this article, we’ll try to find out how to manually update the list of root certificates in Trusted Root CA on isolated systems or systems without the direct access to the Internet. If users access the Internet through a proxy server, Microsoft recommends to configure for user’s computers a direct access (bypass) to Microsoft website.
This allow to automatically update the root certificates on computers.
However, it isn’t always possible or applicable due to corporate restrictions.
The utility was distributed as a separate update KB931125 (Update for Root Certificates). However, as you can see, these files were created on April, 4, 2013 (almost a year before the end of official support of Windows XP).
Thus, since then the utility has not been updated and cannot be used to install up-to-date certificates. As you can see, a familiar Certificate Management snap-in opens, from which you can export any of the certificates you have got.
To generate an SST file, run this command with the administrator privileges on a computer running Windows 10 and having a direct access to the Internet: As a result, an SST file containing up-to-date list of certificates will appear in the target directory. In my case, there have been 358 items in the list of certificates.
Obviously, it is not rational to export the certificates and install them one by one.
To install all certificates listed in the file, use (it is located in the archive we unpacked in the previous section).