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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Albania, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The demography of the Albania is monitored by the Institute of Statistics of Albania.
The institute has performed demographic censuses since the 1924s.
The latest census in Albania was performed in April 2011.
Albania is a fairly linguistically homogeneous country with ethnic Albanians forming the majority in the country.
Albania has 2,876,591 inhabitants according to the INSTAT calculations current as of January 1, 2017.
Maddison from 2001, estimates that in Albania, about 200,000 people lived up to the year 1600, and that the population grew to 300,000 by 1700, implying an annual average growth rate of 0.4% in that period.
However, population growth accelerated from the declaration of independence in 1912 to 1944 to 0.7% per year.
This was due in part because Albania had the largest birth rate and the smallest death rate in Europe at the time.
After the second World War, population increase policies pursued by the communist government and a large life expectancy fueled a 2.5 percent annual increase for the following 45 years.
The growth strained economic resources during communism in a Malthusian fashion that led to the collapse of the regime and the emigration of about 20 to 25 percent of the population in the following two decades.